29 November 2018
On 19 November 2018, the Serious Crimes and Counter-Terrorism (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill (“Bill”) was passed in Parliament. The Bill will introduce amendments to two Acts that set out the anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing (“AML/CFT”) framework in Singapore, namely:
- the Corruption, Drug Trafficking and Other Serious Crimes (Confiscation of Benefits) Act (“CDSA”) which criminalises the laundering of benefits from serious criminal offences and provides for powers to investigate and confiscate benefits from money laundering offences; and
- the Terrorism (Suppression of Financing) Act (“TSOFA”) which criminalises the provision of property and services for terrorist purposes and provides powers to seize and confiscate terrorist property.
The changes in the Bill are not yet in force.
The amendments in the Bill aim to:
- Strengthen the Government’s ability to enforce and prosecute offences relating to money laundering and terrorism financing;
- Enhance penalties for offences relating to money laundering and terrorism financing; and
- Facilitate sharing of financial intelligence with foreign jurisdictions.
Strengthen Government’s ability to enforce and prosecute offences relating to money laundering and terrorism financing
The Bill will amend the CDSA to:
- Create a new offence if a person possesses or uses any property reasonably suspected of being criminal proceeds and fails to account satisfactorily for how he came by the property. This new money laundering offence will enable the prosecution of, for example, money mules who transport criminal proceeds for organised syndicates;
- Introduce a presumption clause such that an act that is committed abroad, which amounts to a drug dealing or serious offence if committed in Singapore, will be presumed to be an offence in that foreign country, once the prosecution can adduce prima facie evidence.
In addition, the Bill will amend the TSOFA to prohibit the financing of, and the provision/collection of funds to finance, the travel of an individual to engage in terrorist training.
Enhance penalties for offences relating to money laundering and terrorism financing
The penalties for, among other things, the following offences under the CDSA and TSOFA will be enhanced:
- Offence under the CDSA for not filing a Suspicious Transaction Report (“STR”) when one has reason to suspect that a property is linked to a drug dealing or serious offence;
- Offence under the CDSA for tipping off another person of a CDSA-related investigation or an STR filed with the Suspicious Transaction Reporting Office (“STRO”) of the Commercial Affairs Department;
- Money laundering offences under the CDSA and terrorism financing offences under the TSOFA against non-individuals, such as corporations, which are convicted of such offences. The proposed maximum fine will be the higher of (a) S$1 million; or (b) twice the value of the property involved, benefits received from criminal conduct/drug dealing or services rendered in respect of which the money laundering or terrorism financing offence was committed.
The Bill will also implement a wider range of penalties and new provisions to pursue confiscation of undeclared cash for breach of Singapore’s cross-border cash reporting requirements.
Facilitate sharing of financial intelligence with foreign jurisdictions
Under the CDSA, the STRO can share financial intelligence only with other Financial Intelligence Units (“FIUs”) with which it has an arrangement or undertaking. The Bill proposes to amend the CDSA to allow the STRO to also share information under an international arrangement. The STRO intends to share financial intelligence with other jurisdictions which have endorsed the Egmont Charter and Principles for Information Exchange, which is an international arrangement to enhance cooperation between FIUs, including sharing of information. This will improve the sharing of information to tackle transnational crimes.
- Serious Crimes and Counter-Terrorism (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill
- Second Reading Speech on the Serious Crimes and Counter Terrorism (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill
- Wrap-up Speech on the Serious Crimes and Counter Terrorism (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill